Open Supply Testing Automation Frameworks

Software program improvement strategies are continuously evolving, with associated instruments and applied sciences not being an exception. Such enchancment is critical to extend the productiveness and high quality of the product being created, cut back the time required for improvement, and improve buyer satisfaction with the end result. In the end, testing performs a significant function within the improvement of a top quality product.

The checklist of open supply automation testing companies out there may be quite various: for cellular apps and cargo testing, for Android and iOS, habits pushed and key phrase pushed. One function they share is excessive reliability.

1. Selenium

Selenium framework

That is likely one of the hottest open supply take a look at automation frameworks for internet purposes. Selenium is extremely extendable by way of a variety of libraries and APIs to fulfill the specified necessities and desires. It additionally permits writing superior take a look at scripts of excessive complexity.


Built-in with Agile, DevOps, Steady Supply workflow;
Helps cellular testing;
Helps a variety of languages, platforms, and browsers;
Massive library of plugins;
Big neighborhood.


Doesn’t permit for codeless testing;
No built-in picture comparability;
No tech assist;
No reporting capabilities.

2. Cucumber

Cucumber framework

That could be a habits pushed improvement (BDD) device which is used to write down acceptance checks for internet purposes. BDD implies shut cooperation among the many enterprise, the shopper and the technical crew, which requires particular necessities that may be understood in easy language by all events. Cucumber is a device that takes specs and binds them to automated checks, successfully creating the present executable documentation. It facilitates collaboration amongst crew members in figuring out necessities, growing guides, creating automated checks, and system description.


Specification in pure language, readable checks and person tales;
Permits utilizing one other testing framework.


Further code for changing the textual specification to Ruby code;
Further layer between take a look at description and the code (that you must be certain that the code matches the outline);
Take a look at descriptions ought to describe the high-level options (often the person interplay) and never describe the low-level implementation particulars.

three. Watir

Watir framework

That could be a sturdy device for internet automation testing primarily based on a household of Ruby libraries. Watir helps cross-browser testing, data-driven testing, and mimics the habits of a person interacting with a web site. The device additionally integrates with BBD instruments like Cucumber, Take a look at/Unit, and many others, and is extendable by way of a set of various APIs.


Simple to be taught Ruby;
Has Watir Recorder for straightforward recording;
Captures modal dialogues;


Doesn’t deal with Ajax purposes properly sufficient.

four. Appium

Appium framework

That’s an open supply take a look at automation platform to be used with native, hybrid, and cellular internet purposes. Appium manages purposes for iOS and Android utilizing the WebDriver protocol. Appium is “cross-platform”, which signifies that it permits you to write checks on a number of platforms (iOS, Android) utilizing the identical API. In the end, you may reuse the code between checks for iOS and Android.


Help for each platforms iOS and Android;
Help for steady integration;
Doesn’t require entry to your supply code or library;
Help for varied frameworks;


Doesn’t assist picture comparability.

5. RobotFramework

RobotFramework screenshot

That’s an open supply automated testing framework that implements a keyword-based testing method by way of acceptance take a look at pushed improvement (ATDD). Robotic Framework offers the flexibility to resolve varied take a look at automation duties. Nonetheless, its capabilities might be expanded by way of the introduction of extra libraries utilizing Python and Java. For instance, Selenium WebDriver is a well-liked exterior library utilized in Robotic Framework.

Testing engineers can use the Robotic Framework as a framework to routinely take a look at not solely internet purposes, but in addition Android and iOS purposes. The Robotic Framework will appear simple to be taught for testers who’re already accustomed to keyword-based testing.


Key phrase Pushed Testing;
Excessive extensibility, in python, java, and/or any .NET language;
Can be utilized for REST and SOAP service checks and database checks.


IDE’s should not very useful;
Exhausting to debug the code;
Parallel testing is not possible.

6. Robotium


That could be a take a look at automation framework used to simplify the writing of highly effective and strong automated black-box UI checks for Android. With Robotium, builders can write system, perform, and person acceptance take a look at situations overlaying varied Android actions. Typically, the device drastically improves the readability of take a look at circumstances, in comparison with customary instrumentation checks because it requires minimal time to write down strong take a look at circumstances.


Versatile and handy for outcomes evaluation;
Handles a number of Android actions routinely;
Requires minimal time to write down strong take a look at circumstances;
Improved readability of take a look at circumstances in comparison with customary instrumentation checks;
Sturdy take a look at circumstances as a result of run-time binding to GUI parts;
Automated timing and delays;
Quick take a look at case execution.


Tied to 1 app course of;
Tied to JUnit three Instrumentation on the system;
Tied to 1 app course of;
Can’t work with completely different purposes in on the take a look at.

The above checklist is simply part of the various obtainable open-source take a look at automation frameworks. To decide on the proper one for you, resolve what wants are paramount in your specific case. Previous to writing the code, try these automation frameworks first.

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